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11:29am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Biggest exposed fault on Earth discovered : Geologists have for the first time seen and documented the Banda Detachment fault in eastern Indonesia and have worked out how it formed.
11:17am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Team debuts dual atomic clock, and a new stability record : What could be better than a world-leading atomic clock? Two clocks in one. Physicists have now combined two experimental atomic clocks based on ytterbium atoms to set yet another world record for clock stability. Stability can be thought of as how precisely the duration of each clock tick matches every other tick that comes before and after.
11:08am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - How kids' brains respond to a late night up : Any parent can tell you about the consequences of their child not getting enough sleep. But there is far less known about the details of how sleep deprivation affects children's brains and what this means for early brain development.
10:12am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Biologists discover origin of stomata : A similar genetic mechanism between flowering plants and mosses is a result of evolutionary conservation, reports an international team of researchers. They have discovered a genetic mechanism that is responsible for the development of stomata -- microscopic valves on the surface of plants that facilitate the uptake of carbon dioxide and the release of oxygen and water vapor.
09:37am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Activity trackers can work when paired with wellness coaching : While critics have debated the effectiveness of activity trackers, a recent study has found activity trackers can work, if paired with wellness coaching.
09:37am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Genes, early environment sculpt the gut microbiome : Environment and genetics determine relative abundance of specific microbes in the gut, new research shows. The findings represent an attempt to untangle the forces that shape the gut microbiome, which plays an important role in keeping us healthy.
09:37am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Marine disease likely to follow great barrier reef coral bleaching : Higher water temperatures in 2016 caused the worst destruction of corals ever recorded on Australia's Great Barrier Reef, report experts. And this may be followed by devastating outbreaks of infectious disease, they say.
09:33am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Defining immortality of stem cells to identify novel anti-aging mechanisms : With age, somatic cells such as neurons lose their ability to maintain the quality of their protein content. Pluripotent stem cells, on the contrary, do not age and have increased mechanism to maintain the integrity of their proteins. Researchers have defined the mechanisms underlying increased protein quality control of pluripotent stem cells. Then, the researchers mimicked these mechanisms in somatic tissues of model organisms to extend lifespan and delay age-related diseases.
09:17am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Successfully treating genetically determined autoimmune enteritis : Using targeted immunotherapy, doctors have succeeded in curing a type of autoimmune enteritis caused by a recently discovered genetic mutation. These results raise new possibilities for the management of diarrhea, which is often a side effect of melanoma treatment.
09:16am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Safe hair care spares hair, dermatologists report : A common cause of hair loss and breakage known as acquired trichorrhexis nodosa, or TN --often more prevalent in African-Americans -- can actually be remedied through appropriate use of cleansing products, hair care and styling practices, say researchers.
09:16am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Targeting breast cancer metabolism to fight the disease : How does a cancer cell burn calories? New research shows that breast cancer cells rely on a different process for turning fuel into energy than normal cells.
09:15am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Comparing gait parameters can predict decline in memory, thinking : Walking is a milestone in development for toddlers, but it’s actually only one part of the complex cognitive task known as gait that includes everything from a person’s stride length to the accompanying swing of each arm. A new study has found that problems associated with gait can predict a significant decline in memory and thinking.
09:15am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Low-mass supernova may have triggered formation of our solar system : A research team has used new models and evidence from meteorites to propose that a low-mass supernova triggered the formation of our solar system.
09:14am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Toddler robots help solve how children learn : Children may learn new words using the same method as robots. New research suggests that early learning is based not on conscious thought but on an automatic ability to associate objects, which enables babies to quickly make sense of their environment.
09:14am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - New regulator of immune reaction discovered : A calcium signal in cell nucleus regulates not only many brain functions, but also defense reactions of the immune system, report scientists.
09:14am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Most of a caught fish is discarded : Every year 340,000 tons of usable whitefish by-product are discarded into the sea. But the fisheries industry has now identified ways of halting this practice.
07:06am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Sponge-like materials capture, store, and release essential small molecules : A new project is underway to design innovative nanoporous materials, or “sponge materials,” for highly efficient abilities in separation, storage, and release of essential gas molecules.
06:53am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Vestibular function declines starting at age 40 : Vestibular thresholds begin to double every 10 years above the age of 40, representing a decline in our ability to receive sensory information about motion, balance and spatial orientation, new research has found.
06:53am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Gene mutation linked to early onset of Parkinson's disease in caucasians : A defect in a gene that produces dopamine in the brain appears to accelerate the onset of Parkinson’s disease, according to new research. The effect is particularly dramatic for young-to-middle-age adults.
06:53am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Enzyme's 'editing' preferences have implications for infertility, cancer : To "turn off" particular regions of genes or protect them from damage, DNA strands can wrap around small proteins, called histones, keeping out all but the most specialized molecular machinery. Now, new research shows how an enzyme called KDM4B "reads" one and "erases" another so-called epigenetic mark on a single histone protein during the generation of sex cells in mice. The researchers say the finding may one day shed light on some cases of infertility and cancer.
06:52am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Community healthcare professionals lack knowledge on severe allergic reactions in children : School first aiders, community pharmacists and GP practice nurses overestimate the risk of fatal reaction for children with food allergy, suggests a new study, yet some are unable to treat allergic reactions safely.
06:51am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Glycocluster design could lead to targeted drug delivery : A team of researchers has developed a way to engineer glycan complexes—clusters of sugar chains attached to proteins or lipids—in a way that allows the molecules to be transported preferentially to specific organs of the body, depending on the sugar chains contained in the cluster. According to the scienitsts, this discovery could lead to the development of glycocluster-based diagnostic tools with better selectivity and precision than current tracers based on peptides and antibodies.
06:51am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Could honey bee brood be the future of food? : Honey bee brood – the larvae and pupae of drones – has great potential as a food source. It is already eaten as a delicacy in many countries, including Mexico, Thailand and Australia. It has a nutty flavor with a crunchy texture when eaten cooked or dried, and is a versatile ingredient used in soups and egg dishes. It also has high nutritional value, similar to beef in terms of protein quality and quantity, say researchers.
06:51am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Why conservation fails : To meet the Paris Agreement, northern leaders at COP22 should commit to paying for forest protection, say experts in a new report.
06:45am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Almost half of kids childcare children have respiratory virus, study shows : Forty-three per cent of children at two daycare centers researchers studied had at least one virus in their respiratory tract, a new study shows.
06:45am(11/28) SCIENCE DAILY - Timing the shadow of a potentially habitable extrasolar planet paves the way to search for alien life : Scientists have observed the transit of a potentially Earth-like extrasolar planet known as K2-3d. A transit is a phenomenon in which a planet passes in front of its parent star, blocking a small amount of light from the star, like a shadow of the planet. While transits have previously been observed for thousands of other extrasolar planets, K2-3d is important because there is a possibility that it might harbor extraterrestrial life.
12:50pm(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - New stars discovery shed new light on Galaxy's formation : An astronomer has discovered a new family of stars in the core of the Milky Way Galaxy which provides new insights into the early stages of the Galaxy's formation.
08:48am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - Should parents lie to children about Santa? : Shops are bursting with toys, mince pies are on the menu and radios are blasting out Christmas tunes – so it’s time for another festive favorite: lying to children. Millions of parents convince their kids Santa is real – but this lie may be damaging, according to experts. They also suggest parents may not be motivated by purely creating magic for their children, but by a desire to return to the joy of childhood themselves.
08:47am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - New target receptor discovered in the fight against obesity : The essential role that the receptor FFAR2 plays in the success of fermentable carbohydrates -- found in foods such as vegetables, fruit, breads, cereals and pasta - in suppressing appetite and preventing obesity is now better understood, thanks to new research.
08:46am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - New territory analyzing DNA modifications in glioblastoma : A new investigation describes the distribution of a DNA defect in the glioblastoma genome and its relationship with patient survival.
08:46am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - Adding clay to saline nanofluids creates useful materials : By controlling a mix of clay, water and salt, researchers have created nanostructures that might help boost oil production, expand the lifespan of certain foods or that can be used in cosmetics or drugs.
06:43am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - Connection found between memory mechanisms, resistance to epilepsy : A genetic change in the protein eEF2K creates resistance to epileptic attacks, thereby creating the possibility of a new treatment for the disease, show the surprising results of a new study.
06:42am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - Mouth cancer rates soar over 20 years : A new analysis reveals that rates of mouth (oral) cancer have jumped by 68 per cent in the UK over the last 20 years. The figures reveal the cancer is on the rise for men and women, young and old, climbing from eight to 13 cases per 100,000 people over the last two decades.
06:42am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - Scientists step closer to halting spread of lung cancer : A component of cancer cells, which acts like a ‘cellular post office’, could be the key to preventing the spread of lung cancer to other parts of the body, scientists have discovered.
06:42am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - Theory that challenges Einstein's physics could soon be put to the test : Scientists behind a theory that the speed of light is variable -- and not constant as Einstein suggested -- have made a prediction that could be tested.
06:42am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - New drug limits and then repairs brain damage in stroke : A potential new drug reduces the number of brain cells destroyed by stroke and then helps to repair the damage, researchers have discovered.
06:42am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - Enough is enough: Stem cell factor Nanog knows when to slow down : The transcription factor Nanog plays a crucial role in the self-renewal of embryonic stem cells. Previously unclear was how its protein abundance is regulated in the cells. Researchers now report that the more Nanog there is on hand, the less reproduction there is.
06:42am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - Three rings stop cell division in plants : Arising from a collaboration between plant and animal biologists, and organic chemists, a research group has succeeded in developing a new compound, a triarylmethane that can rapidly inhibit cell division in plants. This compound was found to selectively inhibit cell division in plant cells with respect to animal cells. Having a reversible cell inhibiting property, this triarylmethane could be a potential candidate for developing new agrochemicals that can control plant growth.
06:42am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - New method for predicting congenital congenital cytomegalovirus infection during the prenatal period : Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection can cause serious complications such as hearing difficulties and mental delay in affected infants. A research team has discovered a new method for predicting congenital CMV infection during the prenatal period. This method is safe for both mothers and fetuses, and could potentially be adopted for general use, report researchers.
06:42am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - Mechanism revealed for side effects of drug used in hematopoietic stem cell harvesting : Scientists have revealed the mechanism for side effects such as fever and bone pain caused by G-CSF, which is widely used for peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell harvesting (PBSCH). This is an important method for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) used to treat hematological malignancies such as leukemia.
06:42am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - Promoting Parasites: Researchers' quest to identify freshwater fish parasites in Japan : Scientists have identified a new species of parasite infecting an invasive freshwater fish on the subtropical island of Okinawa, Japan. The results are part of a project to find parasites that have arrived in Japan with their non-native hosts and understand the role of parasites in natural ecosystems.  Tracking parasites can be one scientific method to monitor ecosystem health and attempt to conserve biodiversity.
06:35am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - More than 100 million dead trees in California from drought : The U.S. Forest Service has identified an additional 36 million dead trees across California since its last aerial survey in May 2016. This brings the total number of dead trees since 2010 to over 102 million on 7.7 million acres of California's drought stricken forests. In 2016 alone, 62 million trees have died, representing more than a 100 percent increase in dead trees across the state from 2015. Millions of additional trees are weakened and expected to die in the coming months and years.
06:30am(11/25) SCIENCE DAILY - Early America: Evidence of original 1620 Plymouth settlement discovered : Three hundred and ninety-five years after Pilgrims celebrated the first Thanksgiving in Plymouth, Massachusetts, researchers from can say they have definitively discovered evidence of the original 1620 Plymouth settlement. Part of the proof involves a calf that UMass Boston students have affectionately named Constance.
02:04pm(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - Practice testing protects memory against stress : Learning by taking practice tests, a strategy known as retrieval practice, can protect memory against the negative effects of stress, report scientists.
01:20pm(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - First steps to neutralizing Zika : As Zika spreads throughout the world, the call for rapid development of therapeutics to treat Zika rings loud and clear. Taking a step further in identifying a possible therapeutic candidate, a team of researchers has discovered the mechanism by which C10, a human antibody previously identified to react with the Dengue virus, prevents Zika infection at a cellular level.
01:19pm(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - New perovskite could lead the next generation of data storage : Scientists have developed a new perovskite material with unique properties that can be used to build next-generation hard drives.
01:14pm(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - Fault curvature may control where big earthquakes occur : The geometry of large faults has been the focus of recent research, which has found that the big earthquakes occur where faults are mostly flat.
01:13pm(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - Upward mobility boosts immunity in monkeys : The richest and poorest Americans differ in life expectancy by more than a decade. Glaring health inequalities across the socioeconomic spectrum are often attributed to access to medical care and differences in habits such as smoking, exercise and diet. But a new study in rhesus monkeys shows that the chronic stress of life at the bottom can alter the immune system even in the absence of other risk factors.
01:12pm(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - Bringing silicon to life: Scientists persuade nature to make silicon-carbon bonds : A new study is the first to show that living organisms can be persuaded to make silicon-carbon bonds--something only chemists had done before. Scientists have "bred" a bacterial protein to have the ability to make the human-made bonds--a finding that has applications in several industries.
01:03pm(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - Fuel cells: For platinum catalysts, tiny squeeze gives big boost in performance : Squeezing a platinum catalyst a fraction of a nanometer nearly doubles its catalytic activity, say researchers, a finding that could lead to better fuel cells and other clean energy technologies.
01:02pm(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - Binge-eating bacteria extract energy from sewage : Domestic sewage contains various organic substances, mainly from toilets and kitchens. Now research shows that this ewage contains a source of energy that can be harvested by using hungry bacteria.
01:02pm(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - Defining conservation priorities in tropical and biodiversity rich countries : Rich in biodiversity, with a rapidly growing economy, Malaysia exemplifies the tension between conservation and economic development faced by many tropical countries.
01:02pm(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - Subduction zone geometry: Mega-earthquake risk indicator : Mega-earthquakes (with a magnitude greater than 8.5) mainly occur on subduction faults where one tectonic plate passes under another. But the probability of such earthquakes does not appear to be even across these zones. In a new study, researchers show that mega-earthquakes mostly occur on the flattest subduction zones. Thus, the Philippines, Salomon Islands and Vanuatu areas would not be favorable to mega-earthquakes, unlike South America, Indonesia and Japan. The discovery of this new indicator should improve earthquake monitoring and seismic and tsunami risk prevention.
01:02pm(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - Scientists propose ten policies to protect vital pollinators : Pesticide regulation, diversified farming systems and long-term monitoring are all ways governments can help to secure the future of pollinators such as bees, flies and wasps, according to scientists.
08:00am(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - New capillarity effects in ideal gases solve an old mathematical mystery : Scientists have challenged traditional concepts of micro and macro worlds and demonstrated how ideal gas unexpectedly exhibits capillarity properties.
06:18am(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - Researchers discover most winter boots are too slippery to walk safely on icy surfaces : A team of researchers is dedicated to keeping Canadians safer this winter by offering evidence-based ratings on footwear that may reduce the risk of slips and falls on ice. The team has developed the first test of its kind in the world – the Maximum Achievable Angle (MAA) Testing Method – to validate slip resistant footwear on icy surfaces using real people in a simulated winter environment.
06:18am(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - New guidelines aim to improve understanding of scientific data : New guidelines have been developed aimed at improving the communication and understanding of scientific data - using knowledge of how the human brain processes visual and written information.
06:18am(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - Antarctic explorers help make discovery 100 years after their epic adventures : Heroes of Antarctic exploration have played a crucial role in research that suggests the area of sea ice around Antarctica has barely changed in size in 100 years. Ice observations recorded in the ships' logbooks of explorers such as the British Captain Robert Scott and Ernest Shackleton and the German Erich von Drygalski have been used to compare where the Antarctic ice edge was during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration (1897--1917) and where satellites show it is todayed to attempt the first ever cross-Antarctic trek.
06:17am(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - Construction greener, more efficient with intelligent software : Construction vehicles waste fuel by remaining on full power whilst idle. New research is working to make vehicles more fuel efficient and cheaper with electrical systems, say investigators.
06:17am(11/24) SCIENCE DAILY - Internet of Things will demand a step-change in search solutions : A new article highlights the requirements the Internet of Things (IoT) will place on search engines and brings together the latest research being carried out in this field.